Costa Rica is privileged to retain much of its territory , about 13,000 square kilometers, in national parks and reserves . Here are the most valuable remaining protected natural and historic heritage .

These wilderness areas protect an extraordinary number of animal and plant species in addition to areas of geological, architectural and historical . To access them is a proper communication network.

Conservation parks and reserves is provided by public and private institutions kept in excellent condition these natural wonders , aware of the importance of these lungs vegetables.

Between Parks and Biological Reserves and National Refuge , Costa Rica has more than 30 units scattered throughout the country including the islands belonging to it.

Conservation Areas are comprised of a set of national parks and biological reserves terrestrial and marine ecological affinity whose geographical proximity, allow his administration in a comprehensive and more active participation of communities in the area of ​​influence.

The National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC ), Ministry of Environment, Energy and Telecommunications ( MINAET ) of Costa Rica , is a system for the management, administration and execution of the powers granted Environmental Law , Forest Law, Wildlife Act and the National Parks Act , mainly.

SINAC has its origin in the three Branches congregation that previously functioned separately: Directorate of National Parks , Wildlife Management and Forestry Department, working today as regional administrative units or Conservation Areas.


Costa Rica because of its location in Central America , with mountains covering more than half of its land area , contains a set of habitat that can accommodate an enormous biodiversity . It is estimated that 5% of the world’s terrestrial species found in Costa Rica , although it has only 0.01% of global expansion , which is a heritage and a natural resource of great magnitude .